One of the largest cavalry engagements of the Civil War (and the largest west of the Mississippi River) was fought at the Mine Creek Battlefield in Kansas on October 25, 1864 near present day Pleasanton when 2,500 Union soldiers defeated nearly 3 times that number of Confederate soldiers.
The Confederate forces under the command of General Sterling Price were retreating from Kansas City and the Battle of Westport which took place two days earlier. On the morning of October 25th, the Union forces overtook the rebels 5 miles north of Mine Creek near Trading Post. General Price's force continued to retreat southward while engaging the Union Army.
Late in the morning, 7,000 Confederates under the command of General John Marmaduke were caught north of Mine Creek. They were protecting the supply train which had difficulty crossing the creek.
Due largely to superior firepower, 2,500 Union soldiers under the command of General Alfred Pleasanton (sometimes spelled Pleasonton) defeated the larger force in less than an hour. Several canons and 600-750 Confederate soldiers, including General Marmaduke and General William L. Cabell, were captured, while a smaller number were killed. Pleasanton's men had about 100 casualties.
The Confederate force was routed and fled the State of Kansas.
copyright 2006-2009 by Keith Stokes